VCCS Litonline

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Objective for this Page:  To provide helpful background on the play and its characters, the context of its creation and original performances, and life in ancient Greece.

What happened to this family before the Oedipus trilogy and particularly before Antigone begins?  The answer has been assembled by John Porter of the University of Saskatchewan.  You may be struck by how cyclical events seem.  For instance, was Creon an "evil regent" like Lycus before him?

What was the political situation in Athens and the relative statuses of the famous playwrights around 441 B.C.?  Peter Stothard, Features Editor of The Times provided this information in 1983.

intro. to ancient Greek theater and stagingAble Media's Classics Technology Center includes a one-scroll introduction to the origins of Greek drama in religious ceremonies, the state-funded festival for Dionysus and its playwright competitions, plus notes on staging and structure of ancient Greek plays.

, including family trees of various characters, such as Antigone's family tree. [Scroll down the "A" page to Antigone and click the java popup link at the end of her entry.]  To find a name, click on the first letter and scroll down the alphabetical page for that letter.

Chart of Olympian gods, places associated with them, plants, objects, and attributes.

Click to the Humanities 110 Greek Theater page at Reed.Walter Englert's page at Reed College is a long scroll that includes a timeline of Greek drama, origins, staging, theater layout, play structure, and a bibliography of mostly print sources.



Didaskalia's study area includes an introduction to ancient theater, a snazzy reconstruction of the Athenian amphitheater dedicated to Dionysus (click the picture at left for the large version), a compendium of sites related to ancient theater, a growing list of reviews of modern productions, and an "agora"--discussion forums for students, teachers, and researchers on ancient drama.

ancient weddings and funeralsJana Shopkorn assembles a detailed analysis of weddings and funerals in ancient Greece, noting similarities between the two in the middle of her lengthy, informative essay, and even overlap for women [like Antigone] who died unmarried.  Her article is entitled Til Death Do Us Part: Marriage and Funeral Rites in Classical Athens.

a note on inequalities to Athenian citizenshipPart (section 5.15.V) of Thomas Martin's overview of ancient Greek history at the Perseus site includes a note about women as citizens in Athens, sort of.  Each had to have a male guardian and protector, and each citizen woman had legal protection against being sold into slavery, for instance.


Assessment: Choose a link and summarize four facts or assertions that surprise or intrigue you.


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This instructional web was made in July, 2002, by Prof. Eric Hibbison, who is solely responsible for its content.