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Commentary on "Hills Like White Elephants"

a short story by Ernest Hemingway (1899-1960)

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Sample Essay and Commentary Side by Side: "Love and Licorice"

Study Questions for "Hills Like White Elephants"

Quiz Question for "Love and Licorice"

Summaries of Published Criticism

Comments by previous users of this website.

"Hemingway’s aesthetic theory . . . stated that omitting the right thing from a story could actually strengthen it. Hemingway equated this theory with the structure of an iceberg where only 1/8 of the iceberg could be seen above water while the remaining 7/8 under the surface provided the iceberg’s dignity of motion and contributed to its momentum."--from the Hemingway Resource Center

See also this Hemingway-related website in Litonline--

Photo of Ernest Hemingway waving a bullfighter's cape while actress Ava Gardner and world famous bullfighter Dominguin look on was downloaded from one of the six "Papa Pages": 

According to the site author, Marcel Mitran, the picture is the property of JFK Library, Scribner's Sons or A.E. Hotchner. Specific attribution is supposedly at , which I was not able to contact. The photo may not be copied for profit.

logotest.gif (2025 bytes) This lesson was originally prepared in 1997 under a Courseware Grant for the Virginia Community College System to become part of the Litonline website.  The developer is Eric P. Hibbison (, Professor of English at J. Sargeant Reynolds Community College, which houses the Literature Online site, with helpful ideas from students, like Megan Goldman (2003) and others. JSR logo

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