A Chronology for the Life of Ernest Hemingway
1899 - Ernest Miller Hemingway was born to Clarence and Grace Hemingway on July 21 in Oak Park, IL. (This link will take you to the site connected with the centennial of Hemingway's birth. A tour in photographs of the Hemingway home is at the site.)
1917 - He graduated River Forest High School and got a job as a reporter for the Kansas City Star. (Follow the "alumni" link to see other famous graduates of this high school.)
1918 - In World War I, Hemingway drove an ambulance for the American Red Cross. He was wounded on July 8 on the Italian front near Fossalta di Piave and had an affair with nurse Agnes von Kurowsky as he was convelescing after over 200 pieces of shrapnel were removed from his legs. (These experiences are the biographical basis for his first novel, A Farewell to Arms.)
1920 - Hemingway started reporting for the Toronto Star .
1921- Ernest married Hadley Richardson (his 1st of 4 wives); they moved to Paris, France, on the advice of American playwright Sherwood Anderson, to join the expatriate community of writers there.
1922 - As a correspondent for the Toronto Star, Hemingway covered the Greco-Turkish War.
1923 - Hemingway's Three Stories and Ten Poems was published by Robert McAlmon in Paris; his first son, John, was born.
1924 - in our time, a collection of vignettes, was published in Paris by Three Mountains Press.
1925 - In Our Time, adding fourteen short stories to the earlier vignettes, was published in New York by Boni & Liveright.
1926 - The Torrents of Spring and The Sun Also Rises are published by Charles Scribner's Sons, who became Hemingway's regular publisher.
1927 - Hemingway published a short story collection, Men Without Women, which included "Hills Like White Elephants"; he married Pauline Pfieffer after divorcing Hadley Richardson.
1928 - The Hemingways moved to Key West, Florida, where son Patrick was born. Hemingway's father, Dr. Clarence E. Hemingway, committed suicide on Dec. 6th; Hemingway asked his brother to send him the gun that their father had used.
1929 - Hemingway's father committed suicide in Oak Park, IL; Hemingway asked for the gun his father used to kill himself to be sent to him. A Farewell to Arms was published after the first manuscript was lost by Pauline and Hemingway had to start over. Commentary on the novel. Background on how the events of the novel parallel Hemingway's own wounding, plus his reactions in poetry to being wounded and in the war.
1931 - Gregory, Hemingway's third son, was born.
1932 - Death in the Afternoon, a nonfiction study of bullfighting is published.
1933 - Hemingway published a short story collection, Winner Take Nothing.
1935 - Hemingway published Green Hills of Africa.
1937- Hemingway reports as war correspondent on the Spanish Civil War; To Have and Have Not was published (later made into a movie that starred Humphrey Bogart and Lauren Bacall).
1938 - Hemingway collaborated with Joris Ivens on The Spanish Earth, a film espousing the Loyalist cause; he also published The Fifth Column and the First : Forty-nine Stories.
1940 - He divorced Pauline Pfieffer and married Martha Gellhorn, also a writer. The Hemingways purchased Finca Vigia to be their home in Cuba; For Whom the Bell Tolls was published. ( This link goes to Marcel Mitran's irreverent biography of the 1940s for Hemingway.)
1942 - Hemingway edited Men at War.
1944- He met Mary Welsh in London, traveled with American troops in France and Germany as a World War II correspondent, and participated in the Allied liberation of Paris.
1945- Hemingway divorced Martha Gellhorn, supposedly for laughing at him in the hospital after he was involved in a serious car crash.
1946 - He married Mary Welsh.
Photo of Ernest Hemingway downloaded from http://www.ee.mcgill.ca/~nverever/hem/cover.html It may not be copied for profit.
The URL for this page is: http://vccslitonline.vccs.edu/copy_of_hills/chronol.htm